Cannabis Sativa is the botanical name of the plant species. There are multiple strains of the Cannabis Sativa plant. One of the common strains is called Industrial Hemp and the other is Marijuana. These are different plants, but both come from the same family of plants. Industrial Hemp naturally produces higher levels of Cannabidiols (CBD) and low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Industrial Hemp has been legalized for cultivating in the USA according to the Farm Bill Act. Marijuana plants are just the opposite producing high levels of THC and lower levels of CBD. The legal status of Marijuana varies vastly from state to state.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many cannabinoid compounds found in Cannabis. CBD is not psychoactive so it does not make people feel “stoned,” and manyscientific studies have shown CBD to have a wide range of positive medical effects.
According to a study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (BJCP), CBD acts as an:
These properties potentially make it useful in the treatment of the following disorders:
While many conditions are currently being treated with medical marijuana (THC), the study also demonstrated that CBD coupled with TCH may help enhance the medical benefits of THC while reducing its negative effects.
The summary of the BJCP study states: “The experimental evidence presented in this review supports the idea that, from a pharmaceutical point of view, CBD is an unusually interesting molecule. As presented above, its actions are channeled through several biochemical mechanisms and yet it causes essentially no undesirable side effects and its toxicity is negligible.”
It was discovered in the early 1990s that the human body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that regulates signals it receives from cannabinoids in the body. Naturally occurring cannabinoids in the body are called endocannabinoids. The ECS helps regulate sleep, immune-system responses, and pain.
The psychoactive aspect of marijuana, THC, produces a “high” feeling by affecting the brain’s endocannabinoid receptors. The brain’s reward system is activated and pleasure chemicals, such as dopamine, are produced.
CBD, however, is not psychoactive, and therefore doesn’t produce a “high.” CBD works by influencing the body to use its own endocannabinoids more effectively. By activating or inhibiting the body from absorbing different compounds, CBD may reduce pain levels, inflammation, and certain immune-system responses.